They solve really basic stuff like transferring funds, changing ownership, maybe adding two numbers. If you’re already familiar with smart contracts, learn about Scilla and Move’s implementations and how they differ from each other. Amrit Kumar, Zilliqa’s president, explains why a new smart contract language is necessary to write securely on the blockchain.

Developed in 2007, Go is a programming language created by developers at Google. In the blockchain world, it’s used primarily to build decentralized systems. It’s known for its ease-of-use and scalability, helping solve issues through its simplicity. Python was created to be a simple, easy to use programming language. As such, it became one of the top programming languages in the world.

Nebulas has an example smart contract called “bank safe”, which uses JavaScript and TypeScript to allow a user to deposit funds, withdraw funds, and check an account balance. Until just recently, no popular blockchain offered a language that could expose the value of Solana’s massively parallel runtime. Solidity contracts, for example, do not separate references to shared data from contract code, and therefore need to be executed serially to ensure deterministic behavior. In practice we see that the most aggressively optimized EVM-based blockchains all seem to peak out around 1,200 TPS – a small fraction of what Solana can do.

  • Loom also has integrations to Ethereum, Tron, and Binance — so developers can build a dapp only once and offer it to users on all platforms simultaneously.
  • Java is a class-based and object-based programming language that is strongly typed and is used by many companies.
  • They solve really basic stuff like transferring funds, changing ownership, maybe adding two numbers.
  • The community for this language is very small and it has a very high entry-level.
  • New frameworks for Javascript have been created like angular/react/node.js and vue that are helpful in developing code.

Komodo provides a simple and adaptable framework for custom blockchain development. Developers have the ability to create their own programmable blockchains called Smart Chains. Devs also have the ability to code UXTO-based smart contracts, known as Komodo Custom Contracts. If you’re interested in learning more about developing with Komodo Custom Contracts, be sure to check out Komodo Documentation for overviews, development tutorials, APIs, and more. You’ll also need to master one of the programming languages used for writing smart contracts.

As crypto networks and applications grow further, this demand will only increase. If you’re looking for an exciting career in one of the newest and most lucrative markets in the world, look no further than blockchain development. This is a high level, compiled, and object-oriented programming language created in the late 90s and early 00s for Microsoft. Although it’s not a complicated language like Go, it is harder to learn than Javascript.


A public blockchain called Nebulas supports JavaScript and TypeScript for smart contract development. Nebulas implements Nebulas virtual machines to run smart contracts. The NVM implementation uses the V8 JavaScript engine, which was developed by the Chromium Project for Google Chrome and Chromium web browsers.

It comes with full documentation and some example apps showing how to use it. Thanks to support by the Ethereum Foundation, we are working on adding support for the Ethereum blockchain platform as well. It is incredibly intuitive and easy to learn, which is why it is so successful. Most programming is close to plain English and can be easily understood.

Transaction fees are minimal and always paid in each Smart Chain’s coin. C++ is a statically-typed, object-oriented, compiled programming language. One of the major benefits of C++ is its ability to produce very fast code, thanks to its design efficiency and optimized code compilers. Two potential downsides are that C++ has a steeper learning curve for junior developers and code redundancy tends to be more common compared to other programming languages. On many open source Ethereum-based projects, you’ll notice Solidity’s “.sol” file extension. As the Solidity documentation website states, this language can be used for creating smart contracts for voting, crowdfunding, blind auctions, multi-signature wallets, and much more.

Multiple surveys, such as the TIOBE Programming Community Index and the Cloud Foundry Foundation survey, rank Java as the top language for enterprise developers. However, obvious drawbacks of Java are the need to use a Java Virtual Machine and a slower performance compared to C++ and Go. This stuff is fancy because it deals with autonomous intelligence.

blockchain language

For permissioned blockchain development, Hyperledger Fabric has a Go SDK as well as SDKs for Java, JavaScript (Node.js), and Python. The Go SDK includes basic examples of how to query and execute transactions, query a channel’s underlying ledger, and how to make a transaction involving multiple organizations. State-oriented programming lets you declare and transition among states explicitly. Our research suggests that a large fraction of blockchain programs are organized around a high-level state machine. Today, we do not really need Turing completeness due to the fact that present day smart contracts are very mundane.

Blockchain Programming Languages For Smart Contracts

Created by the same people that developed Ethereum, this programming language is contact-oriented and statically typed. Solidity was created for developing smart contracts and is ethereum smart contract main programming language. Also called Go, this language is a statically typed, compiled programming language developed by Google. It was developed on the basis of combining the ease of code development and the effectiveness of compiled language.

PYMNTS Cryptocurrency Glossary: The Metaverse –

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Obsidian is a new programming language for writing smart contracts, which are programs for blockchain platforms. Java is one of the key programming languages that built the internet. It did it by being a very portable language – you can write a program in Java, and then almost anyone in the world can run it. So, let’s learn about popular and thetop programming languages that support this growing technology. In other words, let’s take a sneak peak into the making of the robust blockchain. So, you are looking around to grab few insights on the perfect language for building your blockchain?

Turing Complete

Did we miss out any important blockchain programming language in our list? Building blocks and linking them gets simplified through this blockchain programming language. Hence, this dynamic programming language plays a significant role in the blockchain applications. Java is a programming language that handles memory allocation quite well and is considered easier to write than other languages like C or C++.

blockchain language

So it can take a second, a minute, a lifetime, or an entire generation to solve a problem. I’ll start off by giving a gentle introduction to the Turing machine followed by a discussion on the Church-Turing thesis. I’ll discuss the fundamentals of an I/O Turing Machine by taking an example, accompanied with some basic mathematics. Since about a week, I have been reading about Turing machine and slowly extending the concept to the world of blockchain. After gaining enough insights into the subject, I decided to give voice to my thoughts. This is also a commonly used language for making your mark in the blockchain industry.

Blockchain Infrastructure At Shapeshift

When collecting free information online, check who the publisher is. Java is a hugely popular coding language in the blockchain community, due to its object-oriented systems — an approach that is also found in C++. Its main appeal for blockchain developers comes from its portability. Through Java Virtual Machine, Java isn’t limited by device architecture blockchain Trends of 2022 and is known for its ability to handle large numbers of users on a blockchain network at the same time. This is a very convenient language to design blockchain projects because of its ability to highlight simple errors. The initial assemblage of this program is over Go, meaning that the framework will not execute discretionary codes.

The Aeternity blockchain has a JavaScript SDK as well as SDKs for Go, Python, Elixir, Java, and .NET. The JavaScript SDK currently appears to be the most comprehensive option available, with an up-to-date changelog and extensive API documentation. Obsidian is currently under development and is not ready for general use.


This programming language is used very popularly to develop the blockchain. Some of its uses are P2P, IOTA, NEM platform and cryptocurrency. Java is also used in other blockchain objects such as Bitcoin J, NEO contract, IBM blockchain, Ethereum, and Hyperledger’s contract.

The choice of language will depend on the blockchain technology ecosystem you want to write for. If you want to develop for the Ethereum network, a great place to start is the Solidity programming language. IT companies usually develop smart tools and frameworks which they use to support this language and used in creating chatbots. This language is easy to learn and is used popularly for a number of blockchain projects such as Ethereum . Its implementation of Steemit is called Steel Python and it is also used in the creation of NEO and Hyperledger smart contracts.

Cosmos is a platform for building and connecting parallel independent decentralized blockchains into one large interoperable network. Terra, Loom Network, Binance Chain, and IRISnet are four popular application-specific blockchains built using the Cosmos SDK. In February 2020, CasperLabs announced the launch of a Rust Contract SDK, which includes a runtime environment, documentation, and test framework for building smart contracts. The Cardano Rust Project has created a toolbox of Cardano’s cryptographic primitives for third-party developers written in the Rust programming language.